As we all know spinal cord injury is one of the most dreadful accidents that can happen to man. Spinal cord injury intensifies if the damage caused is close to the brain. Although there is no dearth of treatment options nowadays, due to the advancement of technology; still sometimes the outcomes a disastrous and incurable.
The steady progress and in the researches going on, is confiding confidence in our beliefs, that nerve damage can be treated in better ways.
Different Types Of Spinal Cord Injuries:
A severe spinal cord injury is the one in which there is absolute loss of all kinds of sensory and motor functioning. Generally this loss of functioning occurs below the region where the injury has occurred, which also includes the lowest sacral sections. However, spinal cord transaction in its absolute form is quite rare. But there can be a loss of function due to any kind of bruising or even a lessened blood flow in the injured portions. Extension injury, subluxation, and even hyperflexion can also cause the former. Sensory functions are not completely impaired in case of incomplete spinal cord injuries. Patients retain quite a favourable amount of sensory and motor functions or both, below the region of injury.
The incomplete spinal cord injuries are categorised into several subtypes:
- Anterior Cord Syndrome: This is also called as anterior spinal artery syndrome. Basically, a traumatic injury, in this case the sufferer in most cases, loses complete control of muscle function below the site of the injury. In this case the flow of blood in the arteries running in the anterior portion of the spinal cord is interrupted thoroughly. The injured might retain some amount of sensation as injury mostly occurs in the frontal portion of the spinal cord. Unfortunately, the best doctor for spine surgery in India even says that there’s no complete cure for anterior cord syndrome, medications and surgeries can only cause betterments in the condition.
- Posterior Cord Syndrome: This syndrome is quite rare than the anterior cord syndrome. As the name suggests this occurs, mostly when the posterior part of the spine is injured but the frontal part is kept intact. Since the posterior part is concerned with the sensory functions, in posterior cord syndrome the motor functions are kept intact but the sensory functions are impaired.
- Central Cord Syndrome: Of course here the central part of the spinal cord is injured. Loss of movement in the arms and hands and paralysis is more common a condition in this kind of injury. Injury occurs mainly because an accidental hyperextension of the neck. Loss of sensation and loss of urinary bladder control might also occur. Look out for the best spine surgery doctor in India, for the best kind of physical and occupational therapies along with the best medications.
- Cauda Equina Lesion: This is the case of lumbar spine injury in its most severe form. A collection of nerve roots – cauda equina gets compressed; the situation requires immediate surgery.
- Brown-Sequard Syndrome: Damage occurs in the lateral sides of the spinal cord either left or right. This is an example of an incomplete spinal injury since there is incomplete loss of sensation. This is also known as hemisection of the spinal cord, hemiparaplegic syndrome, partial spinal sensory syndrome, spastic spinal monoplegia syndrome etc.